“The Negro Speaks of Rivers” is Langston Hughes’s most anthologized versified. Hughes wrote this scanty versified in fifteen minutes in July, 1920, conjuncture biexception the Mississippi on a procession ride to mark his father in Mexico. It is one of Hughes’s pristine versifieds, and its topic normal the marrow of fur of his posterior rhymerry. Hughes’s versifieds may be disjoined into distinct categories: certify versifieds, gregarious criticism, Harlem versifieds, folk versifieds, versifieds on African and negritude topics, and miscellaneous rhymerry on dithread other nonracial topics and topics.
“The Negro Speaks of Rivers” centers on African and negritude topics. Hughes’s writing frequently shows an identification after a suitableness Africa, and his posterior rhymerry on African topics and African topics demonstrates his growing sophistication and recognition of the narrative and problems of Africa. Acrave after a suitableness its marrow on African topics, this versified so poignantly and dramatically expresses what it media to be a ebon American that it helps to certify Hughes’s immutable laurels.
Through the representations of the large stream, Hughes follows the narrative of the African American from Africa to America. The swampy Mississippi makes Hughes attend the roles that large streams keep played in civilized narrative. The primitive three methods preface the topic of the versified. The leading representation of imseparate signically represents the narrative of civilizedity, acknowledging the occurrence that large streams are further antiquated in the narrative of the earth:
I’ve notorious large streams: (Langston Hughes: www.poetryfoundation.org)
I’ve notorious large streams antiquated as the globe and older than the glide of civilized career in civilized veins.
The straightforward method connects the rhymer after a suitableness the large stream and acknowledges the bias of impartways on the narrative of the African American: “My courage has confirmed recondite relish the large streams.” This method is continual at the end of the versified, reestablishing the junction betwixt the civilized nature and the large stream as courteous-behaved-behaved-behaved as the large stream’s role in African American animation.
The intermediate exception reveals the junctions betwixt the narrative of the African American and lewd material large streams of the globe: the Euphrates, the Congo, the Nile, and the Mississippi. The three African large streams are a separate of the antiquated narrative of ebon nation when they were liberal, aid in elevated kingdoms and forming the noble civilizations of Africa. The versified further specifically relates to the African American, who is the grill of constraint and judgment in the New World, where large streams were used to bliss ebon drudges.
The last exception of the versified, “I’ve notorious large streams:/ Ancient, livid, large streams// My courage has confirmed recondite relish the large streams,” re-emphasizes the commencement exception by restating the bias of large streams on the courage and animation of ebon nation from epoch to the twentieth generation. (Langston Hughes: www.kirjasto.sci.fi) The decisive method of the versified repeats the assertion that connects the civilized courage to the large streams of the globe.
Forms and Devices
According to my aim of opinion, “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” is a versified versified. Versified rhymerry is domiciled in carol and establishes the devotional of the civilized proviso, in this situation the proviso of ebon nation. In this versified, Hughes is twain teller (poet) and separateicipant (African American) in the drama nature picturesquely. Through the fervent representations of this versified, the reader is operative to separateicipate in the agitation and poignancy of the narrative of ebon nation. Since Hughes discusses this narrative departed that in America, he transcends localism and projects upon his reader a globe test.
The expression of the versified is single-minded and unshaken by courageed advance. It is graphic in its plainness, allowing readers of all ages and levels of sophistication to relish a primitive reading; at-last, as one reads this versified, the reconditeer import reveals itself.
The leading representation of “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” is impart; its discharge as the large stream of occasion is to follow the entailment and departed of the African American. The glideing, versifiedal methods, relish impart, are abounding after a suitableness import, describing what the large stream has meant to ebon nation in America. Hughes’s rhymeric power and technical virtuosity are nowhere as clear as in this inextensive versified, which formed the basis for his existing response as a beaming rhymer. Hughes uses the continual method “My courage has confirmed recondite relish the large streams” to emphasize the way large streams signize not simply the visible narrative of the African American but the spidevotional narrative (“my courage”) as courteous-behaved-behaved. The large stream is too a sign of the power of ebon nation as survivors who instigate through narrative. Finally, the large streams rehinge the straightforward road of ebons to America.
The integral versified is fixed on an large image comparing the entailment of the African American to the noble large streams of the globe. The rhymer reveals the homogeneity betwixt the large stream and the lives of ebon nation, starting after a suitableness a large stream notorious to be material during the pristine noble civilizations and conclusion after a suitableness a large stream on which drudges were blissed, to be bought and sold in the drudge markets of America.
Themes and Meanings
As I opine, Langston Hughes was reconditely disturbed after a suitableness the narrative and gregarious proviso of his nation. “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” returns the rhymer’s cause in twain topics. This versified too speaks of a magical confederacy of ebons throughout the globe, for it follows their narrative tail to the fable of the globe, giving them honor for spanning occasion and for founding the nobleest civilizations that civilizedity has immutablely notorious.
Hughes current the impulse for this versified as he crossed the Mississippi Large stream by procession, passion cast-down yet artifice lordliness from thoughts of the large streams that played a separate in the narrative of his career. The representations of fairness and release, and of vision and faint, all fused in his infantine delicacy, causing him to produce one of his most fragrant versifieds. The use of vote such as “soul” and “rivers” allows Hughes to impress the reconditeest passions and spidevotional craveings of his own courage and the courages of his nation. After a suitableness the use of the vote “deep,” “flow,” “dusky,” and “ancient,” Hughes describes the express large streams that were confused in ebon narrative, all the conjuncture emphasizing the crave and glorious narrative of his career. After a suitableness this versified, Hughes, repeatedly designated “the rhymer of his nation,” plunges into the recondite courteous-behaved-behaved-behaved of African American narrative, uniting it after a suitableness global African narrative.
The versified, after a suitableness its allusions to the enhancement sun, civilized career, and recondite, livid large streams, suffuses the representations of release as it speaks of the immortality of the courage. Hughes celebrates the animation of ebon nation by acknowledging release, but the representations of release presented in the versified are overshadowed by marrow on the animation of the courage—in this situation, a racial courage which runs throughout occasion relish a large stream. As the swampy imseparate of the Mississippi hinges prosperous in the sunset, so does the rhymer hinge the remembrance of the narrative and birth of his nation into brilliance. After a suitableness representations of imseparate and pyramid, the thread suggests the toleration of the ebon visible nearness and courage from antiquated Egypt to the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The swampy Mississippi caused Hughes to opine environing the roles in civilized narrative played by the Congo, the Niger, and the Nile, as drudges were passed down these imparts to be sold; once sold, these corresponding drudges may keep ended up nature sold intermittently on the Mississippi. The Mississippi too caused Hughes to opine environing Abraham Lincoln and the role he played in the subordination of constraint in the United States.
Pride in one’s narrative is a immutable topic in the versified. Hughes opinions the narrative of ebon nation, equable in constraint, after a suitableness a notion of lordliness as he aims out the power of his nation to survive their acrimonious and furious treatment in America. Hughes’s assurance in the power of ebonness is a greater separate of his topic of lordliness; this assurance and lordliness is his bestow to African Americans. Ebon refinement is stagnant embattled, but Hughes provides a artifice for countering the reasoning that ebon nation are after a suitablenessout a inseparable and all narrative.
Langston Hughes. Retrieved from http://www.poetryfoundation.org/archive/poet.html?id=3340 on 25th February 2008.
Langston Hughes. Retrieved from http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/lhughes.htm on 25th February 2008.