Marijuana is now a legal drug in America, 27 states in America have allowed people to smoke marijuana whether for recreation or medical purpose. However, nearly 30 to 40 percent of people who disagree with the legalization of marijuana still cannot accept the legalization of marijuana in the world. The people who do not agree with the legalization of marijuana believe that it is a drug that can destroy both our body and mind, but people who agree with the legalization of marijuana believe marijuana could be a perfect recreational drug and a medicine that helps people who are in pain.
People have different ideas indeed. What are the advantages and disadvantages of marijuana and is it a good or a bad thing have become the answer that every scientist and regular person is looking for. The answer seems obvious to everyone – it depends. It depends on the way people use it. But how should people use it, what are people’s idea about marijuana and what are the positive and negative effects of marijuana are the questions that scientists are looking for. There are many experiments and studies about medical marijuana to prove what the positive effects and negative effects are to people and patients. And there are also many reports shows us how should we use it properly so that we could have better function and lower risk.
Medical marijuana is a medicine that helps people who are in pain to deal with their illnesses and lower their pain. Patients should use the unprocessed plant to treat illnesses and diseases (1.National Institute on Drug abuse, 2018). The reason why marijuana can deal with diseases is because of the two main chemicals, THC(delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabinoids). They are the main chemicals that help people deal with their illnesses:
THC can increase appetite and reduce nausea. THC may also decrease pain, inflammation (swelling and redness), and muscle control problems.(2.National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018)
Unlike THC, CBD is a cannabinoid that doesn’t make people “high.” It may be useful in reducing pain and inflammation, controlling epileptic seizures, and possibly even treating mental illness and addictions.(2.National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018)
In other words, CBD plays an important role in dealing with psychological diseases and THC can deal with physical diseases. Both of them can treat diseases very well. Medical marijuana can deal with illnesses such as: PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder), epilepsy, pain and spasticity,etc.(1.National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018). PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) is a psychological disease.It usually happens when people have experienced some terrible situations. People will have PTSD after they experienced some traumatic events (such as a relative dying or a terrorist attack) and they are not able to accept the fact. People who have this illness always have nightmares, anxiety and negative thinking. Through the reports, scientists have found that medical marijuana is a good medicine to deal with PTSD:
Human laboratory studies have also suggested that THC administration may help facilitate fear extinction in healthy subjects which could have implications for treating patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).(National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018)
Also,studies have shown that medical marijuana is a good medicine which could help treating child epilepsy.(National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018). Some of the case reports, studies and small RCTs (Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials) have also shown that CBD could also deal with child epilepsy and decrease times of “seizures” which means the times of epilepsy happens (1.National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018). There is a experiment about how marijuana help dealing with child epilepsy. Reports says that:
The first trial showed a median reduction in monthly convulsive seizures of 39 percent among patients with Dravet syndrome who took Epidiolex compared with 13 percent for placebo9. The second trial showed a median reduction in monthly drop seizures of 44 percent among patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome who took Epidiolex compared with 22 percent for placebo.(2.National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018)
The experiment has shown that medical marijuana can deal with Child Epilepsy successfully. Medical marijuana can reduce the times of “seizures” and lower people’s pain, it may be the best medicine to treat child epilepsy so far. Reasons why it could deal with medical marijuana is given by RCTs experiments. By the same token, medical marijuana is a medicine that could treat pain and spasticity perfectly. Some of the case studies have also given the evidences that medical marijuana could treat pain, MS(Multiple Sclerosis), spasticity, especially the spsticity that is caused by cancer and MS very well.(2.National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018) Reports says that:
“Multiple recent studies have confirmed that nabiximols (Sativex) reduced the severity of spasticity in MS patients,”(National Institute on Drug Abuse?2018)
The medicine called Nabiximols is a perfect way that people have ever found so far to treat MS. The reason why it is a perfect medicine to deal with MS is because of THC and CBD.they can deal with muscle-control problem very well. MS is a illnesses that is known as a muscle controlling illnesses. THC can lower patients’ pain and CBD can deal with the muscle problem.(National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018) In conclude, medical marijuana could deal with MS, spasticity and pain perfectly anyhow.
According to the studies, reports and experiments, we know that medical marijuana is a good medicine that can deal with many diseases that are too strong to beat. Cancer, spasticity, MS, PTSD, pain and even HIV is well controlled by the useful drug, medical marijuana. Many studies have proved that medical marijuana is a good medicine. However, medicines always have their side effects, as well as medical marijuana. In pharmacies, people and doctors are always looking for the side effects when people are sick. Side effects are always important when people are looking for medicines. They cannot be ignored. Medical marijuana is a now a formal medicine, it has side effect accordingly.
Like people always says, “high risk, high reward”. Medical marijuana is a perfect examples that define this saying. According to the many studies that shows medical marijuana is a good medicine, we knows that medical marijuana is a high-reward medicine that brings many advantages and positive effect to human.
However, there are also many side, negative effects and disadvantages that medical marijuana brings us, also many researches that shows us what are the serious disadvantages medical marijuana brings us.
Scientists have classified the harmful and side effect into four kinds of effect by the length of time and the influence on the body. They are short / long term effect and physical/psychological effect. First of all, the short effect that marijuana bring to our body is a feeling of “high”. Like scientists said, THC plays a role in making people feel “high”. When people are high, they won’t feel and know anything in 30 to 60 minutes. THC slow people’s speed of digestion and absorption down.(National Institute on Drug Abuse) During the feeling, the short-term effects to our body include:
- altered senses (for example, seeing brighter colors)
- altered sense of time
- changes in mood
- impaired body movement
- difficulty with thinking and problem-solving
- impaired memory
- hallucinations (when taken in high doses)
- delusions (when taken in high doses)
- psychosis (when taken in high doses) (National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018)
After 30 to 60 minutes, the feeling of “high” totally disappeared. People who smoke marijuana addiction to the feeling of high. They want to try again and again and again. Most marijuana smoker love the feeling. After many times of marijuana smoking. Smoker’s body would have a huge affect, the term is called “long term effect” (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2018). According to many experiments, scientists found that smoking marijuana also affect our “brain development” (National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018) Report says that:
When people begin using marijuana as teenagers, the drug may impair thinking, memory, and learning functions and affect how the brain builds connections between the areas necessary for these functions. (National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018)
An experiment in New Zealand shows that people who are older than 13 and younger than 38 smoke marijuana may lost 8 point of IQ averagely because of the long term effect that marijuana have to our body (National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018) In other word, people who love smoking marijuana may have to lost their IQ point especially young people. Moreover, marijuana could also damage both our mind and body. Like scientists and reports said, THC and CBD are the main chemicals that help us dealing with our illnesses. CBD plays an important role in dealing with psychological diseases and THC can deal with physical diseases. But nothing is perfect in the world, they brings us many advantages indeed, but they could also brings many negative effects to our body. Both of them can damage us whether our mind or body. Marijuana can damage our mind and body very worse. The physical problems that marijuana bring us are:
- Breathing problems.
- Increased heart rate.
- Problems with child development during and after pregnancy.Intense Nausea and Vomiting.
- Intense Nausea and Vomiting.(National Institute on Drug Abuse,2018)
- And the psychological problems that marijuana brings us are:
- temporary hallucinations
- temporary paranoia
- worsening symptoms in patients with schizophrenia—a severe mental disorder with symptoms such as hallucinations, paranoia, and disorganized thinking(National Institute on Drug Abuse?2018?
Through the given report, we know that marijuana has a high risk and a strong side effect because of his feature, high reward. THC and CBD can help us a lot when we are ill and sick, but it could also damage our body when we use it a lot. In the world, most medicine are not as perfect as people think , nearly every medicine have their own side effect, marijuana as well. In other word, as a medicine, it is somewhat toxic. We have to use medicine properly anyhow. We have to realize how much we need to take and recognize that marijuana have a lot of risks to human body.
According to all the studies that have seen from the beginning, we can discover that medical marijuana is a drug that is full of advantages and disadvantages. like the saying “high reward, high risk”. how do people use it properly and what should we notice when we are smoking it are the urgent questions we should answer right now. nearly every people in the world knows that drug is easy to addict. what should the people who are sick do is now a problem. luckily, studies have now find a good way to use marijuana so that people would not addicted to it. start to use marijuana in lower does and get higher does every time is the best way to use medical marijuana.(Pharmacannis, 2017).
Normally, patients may have to wait for some minutes to feel the feeling of “high”, the feeling might not come immediately after using it but it comes when a short time passes.(Pharmacannis,2017) “Start Low and Go Slow”(Pharmacannis,2017) is the basic rule of taking medical marijuana. completely understanding of how much we need and what illnesses we have can help improve the function and lower a lot of risks. people have too much marijuana will be addicted to it. there are many factors that could influnce on the function of medical marijuana:
- Amount used (dosage)
- Strain used and method of consumption
- Experience and history of cannabis use
- Mindset or mood
- Nutrition or diet(Pharmacannis,2017)
The reports have also suggested that people can have medical marijuana by smoking, vaping, eating. people could smoke it by using hand-rolled cigarettes.(Pharmacannis,2017) smoking can give people the feeling of “high” immediately. It might last for 10 to 30 minutes, and the feeling may totally disappear when 4 to 12 hours past.(Pharmacannis,2017) There are some differences between vaping and smoking. smoking marijuana may lose nearly 40 percent of chemicals in marijuana, it is a main factor that people cannot get better treating. Vaping can clearly burn all of the chemicals in marijuana but some toxic chemicals cannot be released by vaping marijuana.(Pharmacannis,2017) Eating or Drinking marijuana is more comfortable, but it will take a lot of time digeste all of the marijuana chemicals. patients is suggested that eat and drink 3 to 5 times more than smoking can be better because of the problem.(Pharmacannis,2017)
In conclusion,People have different ideas on marijuana indeed, but the main problem people should notice is how should people using it properly and carefully. there are many advantages and disadvantages on marijuana. in other words, marijuana is a “high risk, high reward” medicine. people should use it carefully and properly. Medical marijuana is not always a bad thing, it is depending on the way people using it. Medical marijuana can deal with PTSD, MS, pain, spasticity and epilepsy,etc. it could also affect our body a lot. it could makes us ill both mind and body. However, the ways people using it could improve the function and lower the risks. the way people using it also decides whether it is harmful and harmless. what is your opinion about marijuana after this essay? Do you have any other ways that could lower more risks?
- NIDA. “Marijuana as Medicine.” National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1 May. 2018, https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/marijuana-medicine. Accessed 24 May 2018.
- NIDA. “Marijuana.” National Institute on Drug Abuse, 9 Feb. 2018, https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/marijuana. Accessed 26 May 2018.
- NIDA. “Researching the Potential Medical Benefits and Risks of Marijuana.”National Institute on Drug Abuse, 13 July 2016.
https://www.drugabuse.gov/about-nida/legislative-activities/testimony-to-congress/2018/researching-potential-medical-benefits-risks-marijuana. Accessed 23 May 2018.
- “Medical Marijuana.” Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection, Gale, 2017. Science In Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/PC3010999128/SCIC?u=saskschluther;sid=SCIC;xid=d35854a5. Accessed 27 May 2018.
- Pharmacannis “How to Use Medical Marijuana” PharmaCannis,2017,http://www.pharmacannis.com/il/how-to-use-medical-marijuana
Accessed 27 May 2018