Proposed map shows connectivity and approach strategy for Bankey Bihari temple. Proposed plan suggest how people coming from different roads to Vrindavan to visit Bankey Bihari temple and other important temples such as Nidhi Van, ISCKON temple, Prem Mandir, Radha Vallabh temple and many other similar concentrated along Parikrama marg and Bhaktivedanta Mark. The map illustrates pick up and drop off points of Non Motorised of Non Motorised circuits. The map illustrates pick up and drop off points of Non Motorised Vehicles (NMVs) through main roads and connectivity circuits.
The map also suggest main and additional NMV routes that connects existing and proposed parking areas, religious establishments and few of the most visited areas such as chirghat, madan Mohan temple, Nidhi Van etc. URBAN REVITALIZATION APPROACH FOR THE BANKE BIHARI TEMPLE PRECINCTS, VRINDAVAN – A TOURIST BASED INITIATIVE RADHIKA NAGPAL 17025520014 |MURP 4TH SEM, HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 106 Help pilgrims to move freely and rapidly in bankebihari region. Reduce movement and use of private vehicles within the city.
Decongest heritage city of Vrindavan by promoting NMV’s and pedestrian movement. Generate livelihood for local NMV drivers. 3. 2 VRINDAVAN HISTORIC RIVER BED / AGRICULTUR AL FIELDS YAMUNA RIVER 4. 1 3. 4 2. 3 1. 5 3. 1 Redevelopment Of Kalideh Parking Redevelopment Of Daruk Parking Treatment Of Streets And Drains Leading To Bankey Bihariji Development Of Community Open Green Area Behind Bankey Bihariji Improvement of Signage and Awnings, Street Lights DESIGN APPROACH 1. 1 2. 2 3. 3 4 4 5. 5 3. 6 Figure 4:2: Delineation of protected zone around ASI sites URBAN REVITALIZATION APPROACH FOR THE BANKE BIHARI TEMPLE PRECINCTS, VRINDAVAN – A TOURIST BASED INITIATIVE RADHIKA NAGPAL 17025520014 |MURP 4TH SEM, HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 107 Daruk Parking: developed few years a go around 2400 mts away from Bankey Bihari temple. The parking is situated at the intersection of Mathura ” Vrindavan road and Yamuna Express way. Vidyapith Parking: The parking is about 540 mts from Bankey Bihari temple and is currently used as an informal parking area. Kalideh Parking : This parking is closest to Bankey Bihari temple and is situated on Parikrama Marg D4 DDN O ROAD / STREET TYPE OF MOVEMENT NO. OF STOPS DESCRIPTION 1 Parikrama Marg Pedestrian + vehicular route where devotees travel in groups to reach ghats or Bankey Bihari Temple Start of Pedestrian Movement 4 4 NMV pick and drop points are proposed on Parikrama Marg DP 3: Kalia Ghat DP 4: VIP Parking Area DP 5: Madan Mohan Temple DP 6: Chir Ghat 2 Gautam Bara Chawk 1 3 Vidyapeeth Chauk Pedestrian + vehicular Movement 2 DP2: Vidyapith Chauk / Integration of public parking proposal and proposed shuttle DP2.1: At the proposed parking location 4 Nidhi Van Pedestrian + vehicular Movement 1 DP 7: Nidhi Van entrance Figure 4:3: Stopage points for vehicular movement URBAN REVITALIZATION APPROACH FOR THE BANKE BIHARI TEMPLE PRECINCTS, VRINDAVAN – A TOURIST BASED INITIATIVE RADHIKA NAGPAL 17025520014 |MURP 4TH SEM, HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 108 4.2 STREET TREATMENT TYPE 1: RUBBER MOULDED PAVER BLOCKS Streets leading to Bankey Bihari temple from Parikrama Marg, Bhakti Vedanta Marg, Vidhyapith Chawok and from other famous and more visited religious establishments as Radha Vallabh temple, Jaipur temple, Nidhi Van, Seva Kunj have been included in street treatment. KEY SPECIFICATIONS Total Length : 8.4 Kms Average width: between 3 to 6 mts width KEY CONCLUSIONS ‚· Dismantling of old street paving material ‚· Resurfacing of streets with rubber moulded paver blocks ‚· Repair of existing drains ‚· Installation of drain covers Figure 4:4: Proposal for street URBAN REVITALIZATION APPROACH FOR THE BANKE BIHARI TEMPLE PRECINCTS, VRINDAVAN – A TOURIST BASED INITIATIVE RADHIKA NAGPAL 17025520014 |MURP 4TH SEM, HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 109 4.3 STREET TREATMENT TYPE 2: CONCRETE ROAD WITH TREMIXING WITH SIDE WALKS AND DRAIN One of the main streets of Bankey Bihari region starting from Vidhyapith Chawk to Bankey Bihari Chauraha and till Radha Vallabh temple is made of concrete. Proposed intervention focuses on redevelopment of the street retaining the concrete surfacing with addition by of remixing. 1 meter wide sidewalks are proposed on either sides of the road as per the existing conditions. KEY SPECIFICATIONS ‚· Total Length :1.2 Kms ‚· Average width: between 4.5 to 6 mts width KEY CONCLUSIONS ‚· Dismantling of old street paving material. ‚· Typical section having 1 meters on both sides with rubber molded paver block and ‚· Resurfacing of streets with concrete tremixing and sidewalks with rubber moulded paver blocks ‚· Repair of existing drains ‚· Installation of drain covers Figure 4:5 Street treatment URBAN REVITALIZATION APPROACH FOR THE BANKE BIHARI TEMPLE PRECINCTS, VRINDAVAN – A TOURIST BASED INITIATIVE RADHIKA NAGPAL 17025520014 |MURP 4TH SEM, HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 110 4.4 TRADITIONAL TREETS PLANTATION Native trees such as champa, tamal, Ashoka will be planted at strategic location on the platform to provide natural shade to the chawk 4.5 PROVISION FOR BENCHES Benches will be placed around trees for kids ,Women and families to sit around the tree to enjoy evening Bhajans and community interaction 4.6 PROVISION FOR KIDS PLAY AREA Small area is proposed to be developed with sandpit/ grassing to able kids to play in the chawk Repair of existing platform and steps. Figure 4:6: Tree plantation around Parikrama marg URBAN REVITALIZATION APPROACH FOR THE BANKE BIHARI TEMPLE PRECINCTS, VRINDAVAN – A TOURIST BASED INITIATIVE RADHIKA NAGPAL 17025520014 |MURP 4TH SEM, HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 111 Figure 4:7 Play area or community space provision 4.7 Community Centre Govt. owned small plot is situated about 120 meters away from Bankey Bihari temple surrpunded by traditional houses. Existing open plot is one of the few open areas in the Bankey Bihari region. Currently there is an elevated platform that is used as a community chawk and is often used by kids and families during evenings and nights. Neighbourhood surrounding the chawk is traditional in nature. Houses have elements such as ornamented brackets, traditional wooden doors and railing often witnessed in heritage buildings of Mathura “Vrindavan. Proposed interventions aims to develop this place as a community place with elements that makes the chawk more lively, usable and beneficial for the surrounding community and people living and working in the vicinity. Proposed interventions are as mentioned. URBAN REVITALIZATION APPROACH FOR THE BANKE BIHARI TEMPLE PRECINCTS, VRINDAVAN – A TOURIST BASED INITIATIVE RADHIKA NAGPAL 17025520014 |MURP 4TH SEM, HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 112 Figure 4:8 Site for Community Centre 4.8 AWNINGS Retractable awnings with vinyl coated mesh fabrics and lateral retractable arms of aluminum gives protection against harmful ultra-violet and infrared radiations. these awnings are a very good protector against cold, while keeping the area well ventilated with easy to manoeuvre levers, for opening and closing. Figure 4:9Awnings 4.9 SIGNAGE SPECIFICATIONS Street signage with readable fonts in Hindi & English both with bold colours for direction and information about the mythology of Bankey Bihariji, it will help all visitors (Majorly new visitors) to locate themselves in temple area without any confusion and also to avail all kind of facilities. Street lamps (LED) will ensure the safety and also the beauty of the streets of Bankey Bihariji area only. It will URBAN REVITALIZATION APPROACH FOR THE BANKE BIHARI TEMPLE PRECINCTS, VRINDAVAN – A TOURIST BASED INITIATIVE RADHIKA NAGPAL 17025520014 |MURP 4TH SEM, HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 113 also help the local residents, shopkeepers, vendors and NMT drivers around Bankey Bihariji temple area. 4.10 STRATEGIES FOR ENABLING OF SAFE PUBLIC SPACES Defensible space thereof is a socio-physical phenomenon. Both society and physical elements are parts of a successful defensible space. Crime can be controlled and mitigated through environmental design. Well-designed and maintained places facilitate community members meeting and socializing in public places, enhance social capital and increase the likelihood of people feeling safe and secure. The key to safer places is to improve the quality of the environment, minimize the opportunity for crime and promote accessible and livable places that encourage a feeling of safety and community participation. 1.LIGHTING: Lighting plays a very important role in situational awareness It increases safety and aids in geographic orientation. It helps clarify the layout of the spaces by emphasizing walkways, focal points, gathering places and building entrances Artificial lighting of public spaces and routes used at night can improve safety and surveillance and increase usage. Adequate and appropriate lighting on streets and roads facilitates mobility and creates a sense of security to the citizens hence making communities safe and livable. Street lighting is essential for mitigating the pedestrian’s sense of isolation and reducing Figure 4:10: Samples for signage URBAN REVITALIZATION APPROACH FOR THE BANKE BIHARI TEMPLE PRECINCTS, VRINDAVAN – A TOURIST BASED INITIATIVE RADHIKA NAGPAL 17025520014 |MURP 4TH SEM, HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 114 the risk of crime. 2. PAVEMENT AND STREET DESIGN: Streets are the primary means of accessing urban facilities and centers of activity. For this reason, it is vital for streetscapes to be designed for the safety of all users, especially children, elderly and the differently-abled. Shaded pathways with high visibility from road that offer seating for rest stops encourage walking. The paving and ground surface materials should form a consistent palette that creates a clear, coherent public domain structure, and provides a unified recognizable character to reinforce open space and streetscape hierarchies. ensure constant height above road level. 3. ACTIVITY: Crime at public places can be deterred by attracting eyes on the street’. In the presence of a multitude of users, a form of self-securitization is created where people keep an eye on each other and on potential cases of law-breakers. Various kiosks or help-desks can be placed at regular intervals. Public spaces should be provided with well-placed seating, good shade, interesting views, drinking fountains, public information and public toilets to encourage people to use and enjoy such spaces. Parking lots can be designed along with other uses which are filled with a multiplicity of users, easily accessible, and have a variety of ongoing activities through the day so as to create sense of security for women users. 4. UNHINDERED SIGHT-LINES: Visibility is an important factor in enhancing the users’ feelings of comfort and security. The ability to see into and out of an area is referred to as visual permeability. Clear sightlines allow users to verify the presence of persons in a public space which otherwise they might find threatening, this also improves the perceptions of safety as people can see ahead and around them, and other people within visible range. In parking lots landscaping must be allow clear sightlines and avoid potential hide-out spots. Planting and topography should not block views of paths and open spaces from surrounding streets and houses. 5. SURVEILLANCE: The essence of the eyes on the street approach to planning and design is; to increase the opportunities for informal surveillance reduce the number of isolated places where crime can take place unseen. If public places are overlooked from adjoining buildings, (for example, windows overlooking footpaths, and building entrances facing the street); users feel safer and potential offenders feel exposed. URBAN REVITALIZATION APPROACH FOR THE BANKE BIHARI TEMPLE PRECINCTS, VRINDAVAN – A TOURIST BASED INITIATIVE RADHIKA NAGPAL 17025520014 |MURP 4TH SEM, HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 115 India Gate, in New Delhi, is one of the successful examples of visible police presence and eyes on the street with the presence of hawkers and vendors. Automated surveillance such as CCTV cameras provide indirect continuous surveillance. 6. ACCESS TO EMERGENCY ASSISSTANCE: Having access to emergency assistance at public spaces is a must. An important active security tool that can easily be installed are POLICE ASSISSTANCE BOOTHS. A related technology that serves a similar function is the panic button, which can be pressed by a commuter if he or she is threatened. It immediately sets of an alarm sound, and security personnel are directed to the spot where the emergency is taking place. These can be installed in parking lots and bus stops. 7. PUBLIC TOILETS: The glaring lack of public toilets for women is a strong indicator of the state of services in the city. Public spaces must be provided with well-designed male and female public toilets in highly visible and accessible locations so as to promote their use and enhance people’s perception of safety. Public toilets should be located adjacent to high traffic areas rather than in isolated areas and their entrances should be clearly visible. These can strategically be located on commercial streets and near transit stops 8. STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT: Creating safer cities for all needs to be put firmly on the agenda of a wide range of stakeholders including local and national governments, service providers, women’ organizations, NGOs, the police and law enforcement agencies, educational institutions, elected representatives, citizens’ groups and community organizations. It is the responsibility of every citizen to promote social cohesion and a culture of prevention where the community and citizens are the key agents of change while local governments act as enablers and facilitators. Clarifying ownership’ of private and public space is important for improving public safety. Unclaimed public space lands can easily become the focus of anti-social and criminal behavior.