Unmole Ahmad 214814065 & Samar Fatima 21318401527 November 2018 Job Safety Analysis Introduction: The job that interests me to complete the job task analysis is based on my previous employment. I have worked part time in a company as a merchandiser where I unloaded goods from trucks, scan them into the system and then put the products in their places on to the shelves for the customers to look and buy. This work used to involve a lot of bending, stretching and lifting. I choose this task analysis because I’m pretty familiar with the procedures and requirements of the job as I used to perform them regularly.
The purpose of the tasks is to keep the shelves stocked up with the product and restocks each item right after it is sold in order for other customers to view it and buy it. The tasks are repetitive but once you get the hang of it you can easily perform it. The risks, accidents and injuries associated with the job that can occur while performing the tasks and duties, so we had to take precautions in order to have a safe working environment.
Conclusion: What I learnt about this task and its hazards is that this task involves a lot of awkward body postures that can easily lead to physical and ergonomic body hazards. In this task, bending, lifting, and stretching are the common body postures that are being performed repetitively on a daily basis. These repetitive body movement leads the workers to have high exposure to minor to moderate injury or illness such as back, arms, and hands strain. What I learnt about the JSA process is that once you write down all the steps and its hazards and potential accidents, you can then perform the risk evaluation which will tell how severe, moderate or minor the hazard is. After finding out the risk rating, we can then know what controls are needed to be performed for the health and safety of the workers and preventing from the hazards to happen again at the workplace. Job Task Analysis Form Job: Merchandising Task: Loading and Unloading Completed by: Unmole Ahmad & Samar FatimaA ” Steps in Task B ” Potential Hazard/AccidentConsider all hazards (physical, chemical, ergonomic and biological) Exposure Occurrence Probability Consequences Risk Rating Controls needed to eliminate or reduce the exposure to the hazard (may be existing controls) Waiting for the truck to enter bay, go to examine goods. 1. Ergonomic: Awkward body posture as the spaces in the each pallet are narrowed and confined, heavy boxes and pallets leads to back strain.2. Physical: Feet’s gets caught in the pallet during moving and transportation. Another physical hazard is the potential to fall as some trucks are small and they do not line up with the loading or receiving bay. 13 12 AB 42 105 1. Procedure: Train the workers on how to move the boxes and pallets without putting pressure in their backs. In addition, train them on how to adjust their body in the confined space.2. Procedure: While the truck is entering the bay and the moving begins, the worker must stand far from the truck to prevent from body injuries and accidents. To unload the truck and the put products in place, use the electric pallet jacks 1. Ergonomics: We need to put a lot of pressure to move the pallets and that leads to awkward body posture.2. Physical: The pallets get stocked up with boxes, and then it is really difficult to stack the heavy boxes on top of the other boxes, back and shoulder strain. 12 11 AA 54 1510 1. Procedure: Train the employees on how to carefully move the pallets without putting any pressure in the back and other delicate parts of the body. Also, take short breaks and exercise in between to relieve the pressure and this would help increase blood circulation. 2. Engineering: Use a fully powered electric stacker to stack the heavy boxed on top of the other boxes.Creating new labels 1. Ergonomic: Hand strains and awkward back position as while creating and labeling the products with prices some products are high up in the shelves and some are low down. 2 1 A 4 10 1. Procedure: Firstly, limit overtime work with my hands and back; perform the repetitive action slowly and moderately. Secondly, take 5-10 minutes breaks in between and exercise by stretching hands and back in different movements/positions. It will help relieve the pressure and tension in the tendons of the wrist. This would help increase blood circulation. Products that are high up on the shelves, use a ladder to go up and easily label the products at appropriate waist level without having to stretch the arms up. Move goods from the warehouse to the front shelves and stack them. 1. Ergonomics: Too much bending and back strain while picking up and putting down.2. Physical: The boxes are too heavy and it wants you to put too much effort in order to pick them up and put them down and then stack them onto the shelve 22 11 AA 35 615 1. Procedure: Train and ensure the workers are lifting and putting down the goods properly by performing appropriate body postures; bending knees with back straight only putting pressure in the arms.2. Engineering: Use the fully powered stacker for the boxes that are too heavy to lift. Returning the overstocked items back to the storage. 1. Ergonomics: This is a repetitive task as well as involves a lot of awkward hand position, bending and adjustments of the display left on behind for sales purposes on the shelves. 2. Physical: Paper cuts and rough hands caused by touching and working with paper cartons/cardboards boxes. 22 12 AB 35 619 1. Procedure: Take short breaks in between and exercise by stretching the hands and whole body in different movements since this is a repetitive task. Administrative: Train the workers on how to lift overstocked items properly without injuring their back by bending their knees and lift the items putting pressure in the arms, put no pressure in the back.2. Personal Protective Equipment: Wear thick gloves to prevent hands from getting paper cuts and to have good grips on the cardboard boxes/paper cartons. Filling out the Inventory sheet 1. Ergonomics: Sheets are usually posted on the board or wall, to fill out the sheet we need to bend down and stretch arms to fill it out. 3 1 B 5 19 1. Engineering: Place the inventory sheet on the board at the eye level so the employees would not have to bend down nor stretch their arms up to fill out the sheet.