Nonverbal communication is anything other than words that communicates a message. In other words, nonverbal communication is word-less communication received through the medium of gestures, signs, body movements, facial expressions, tone of voice, color, time, space, style of writing, and choice of words. Kinesics literally means body movements. We can define kinesics as the study of the body’s physical movements. In other words, it is the way the body communicates without words that is through various movements of its parts.
Body language is an important factor in the process of communication, especially in face-to-face communication, as here the message is communicated by a number of factors like facial expressions, eye movements and gestures Chronemics or use of time is also an important non-verbal method of communication. It is a mode of interpersonal communication. In these days of busy living, in business and social relations, time can be saved, wasted, given and taken.
Punctuality or delay speaks pleasant or unpleasant feelings and attitudes.
Tardiness is considered as an offense in some cultures Paralanguage is defined as a type of nonverbal communication that includes articulation, pronunciation, rate, pitch, volume, pauses, and other vocal qualities. While verbal communication consists of what of the content, paralanguage involves the how of a speaker’s voice or the way in which he speaks. Man has been using signs and symbols mutually understood between at least two persons, and more usually among people belonging to a group, tribe or trade. These signs, symbols, signals and indicators have generally been of two types – visual and audio signals.
That is why we have a Chinese proverb, “a picture is worth a thousand words”. Paintings, murals and engravings found on the walls of ancient caves, temples and other buildings have a lot of communicative value. The movie “Life is Beautiful”, brought to life many of the findings uncovered by psychological research from the last half century. One of the most prominent findings in psychology is that facial expressions of emotion are universal, panculturally produced and recognized by all around the world, regardless of race, culture, ethnicity, national origin, or sex.
Their ability to portray emotions so convincingly and realistically that audiences around the world could come to appreciate the depths of their feelings is not only a testament to their acting abilities, but also to the power of facial expressions to universally portray emotions. In the movie a Jewish man and his family are put into a concentration camp during the Holocaust. The movie gives an inside look at the horrors the Jews were faced during the Holocaust, Roberto Benigni (Guido) plays a very upbeat, carefree bookstore owner.
His wife, who is not Jewish, and his son are forced into a concentration camp. In one situation, Benigni returns late to his bunk where his son is waiting. Another man in the bunk informs Benigni that everyone was nervous he would not return. This shows the fear that the Jews had to live with every day while they were contained in the concentration camps. Another situation, Dora chooses to board the train in order to be with her family. When the train unloads at a camp, Guido and Joshua are separated from Dora. It is at this camp that Guido convinces Joshua they are to play a game.
The game consists of 1,000 points and the winner gets a real military tank. The rules are made up as time goes on. The only one that is fooled is Joshua, not the audience, nor Guido. The effort and love that emanated from Guido are the messages relayed by the movie – not that the game would save your life. The conditions were real, and though the brutality was not shown as directly as in Schindler’s List, it was still very much there. This movie was also a testament to many other nonverbal behaviors, including postures and gestures.
Although research on these channels of nonverbal behaviors has taken somewhat of a back seat to studies of facial expressions of emotion, they have gained scientific notoriety in their own right. Contrary to facial expressions of emotion, gestures and body movements have typically been considered culture-specific, learned and enacted differently in different cultures. Our most recent research, however, has produced evidence that some very basic gestures are starting to become pan culturally produced and recognized, probably due to the proliferation of mass media and the internet around the world.
The fact that the actors in Life is Beautiful were able to produce such convincing performances in their gestures, body postures, and gait, are all suggestive of something potentially universal about these channels and messages as well. At the same time close inspection of the nonverbal behaviors in the movie reveals many areas of research have yet to explore in depth. For example, facial expressions not only convey emotions; they also convey emblematic verbal messages, much like gestures do, as well as illustrate our speech. The actors in the movie skillfully portrayed these facial gestures as well.
These non-emotional aspects of facial behaviors have not been studied as much as emotion, and are an area ripe for potential study in the future. Guido comes up with ideas and behaviors that are highly original and adaptive to the situation is which he finds himself. More specifically, Guido exhibits the characteristics of a creative person in terms of traits, cognitive abilities, and processing style or approach to problems. These traits include high intelligence, in fluency and imagination. He displays, with the strongest train being his extraordinary imagination.
He embodies the cognitive abilities as well that he survives by thinking metaphorically, making flexible decisions, coping creatively with novelty, and finding order in chaos. In terms of style, he relates to the world using broad categories, effectively uses nonverbal communication, builds new rather than using existing structures, questions norms, and alert to novelty, and uses existing knowledge as a platform for new ideas. His nonverbal communication portrayed as an animated mixture of facial expressions, winks, hand gestures and body motions.
Life is Beautiful was very accurate in terms of setting and costumes it used. Using bright and vivid colors at the beginning accentuated how great Guido s life was in the city, then using dull and bland colors at the concentration camp. This film evokes very strong feelings for the struggle of the main character, which would have been a similar struggle for all Jewish people at that time. It gives a true sense of what it would have been like to be simply removed from everything you know and placed into a camp where you were systematically murdered, through no fault of your own.
Earlier versions of the holocaust took serious approaches, and that vantage point did not provide a completely real experience. By involving comedy and romance, two very real emotions, Life is Beautiful gives the watcher a deeper understanding of what Jews went through. In whole, it can be easily conclude that in real life, we communicate lot to others through our nonverbal communication rather than verbal. We can communicate in a big way through gestures, feelings and tone of our voice. Anyone can notice after watching this movie and compare to his real life.