Isolation and Obesity or Bariatric patientMandeep KaurVancouver Community CollegeIntegrated Nursing Practice 1April 30, 2019 ISOLATION In simple words, Isolation is state of being in a place or situation that is separate from others. So, isolating an infected patient helps prevent the spread of germs in the hospital. Hospitals has some special isolating rooms within them for the patient with infectious diseases. Isolation plays indispensable role in hospitals as it prevents transmission of infectious diseases among patients in the hospital because already in the hospital there are so many patients suffering from various types of diseases.
Quality of the care provided to the patient matters a lot in the hospitals. Our culture and our values do affect the care given to patients. Biasness varies among the culture; hospitals system is not transparent in some cultures. Doctors differentiate among the patients based on caste, religion, poor, rich and many more. For instance, a lot of biasness is seen in Indian culture. Doctors treat the patients properly who gave them more and more money.
They just neglect the treatment of the poor people. Even we try to avoid the people who are affected with the deadly diseases, because our life is our priority so, no body wants to get infected from the patients. To remain objective while providing care is far most important. Good care improves patient’s satisfaction, which further allows patients to feel more confident and better than before. Objectivity even allows the nurse to provide care without bias and with the certain sense of naturality. Patients should be considered as god and they can be treated as parents of an individual. There should be no biasness while providing care to the patients. Nurses while treating a patient should remain unprejudiced and non discriminatory in all aspects of care delivery. Nurses should make their business to challenge poor practise and any discriminatory behaviour and attitudes in relation to client care. Care must be given based on facts not on assumptions. Nurses should always act with honesty and integrity. There should be no bias in any interventions. Relationship of nurses with their patients should be professional enough and there should be no transgress professional boundaries. The nurses should think critically and logically while making decisions. Evidence informed decision making is integral to effect changes across the health care system. Nurse should gain more and more experience, they should try to participate in various seminars, volunteers’ positions. Nurses should have an ability to promote the spirit of inquiry, critical thinking openness to change and a philosophy of life long learning. Nurses should be provided with continuing education to maintain and increase their competence with respect to evidence performed practise. Decision making in nursing practise is influenced by evidence and by individual values, client choice, theories, clinical judgement, ethics, health care resources and practise environment. Maintaining dignity is crucial in keeping a good rapport between healthcare professionals and their patients to promote their well being during treatment. Let patient decide what they want or what is good for them. Nurses should give proper space to the patients and ideally, they should be educated enough to identify sign of pain without being told. Nurses should wear a gown and gloves while in the patient’s room, safe injection practises and safe handling of potentially contaminated equipment or surfaces in the patient environment. Sensory deprivation can be prevented by engaging the patients in more fun-loving activities. Nurses should try to divert the minds of the patients from the deadly diseases that the person is victim off. OBESITY OR BARIATRIC PATIENT Obesity is a leading cause of death is most of the developed countries. Almost every second individual is the victim of the obesity. Overweight and obesity are increasing problems that lead to significant health and social difficulties for the people. Obesity in simple terms is the condition of being grossly fat or overweight. According to WHO, obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that present a risk to health. Obesity is a major risk factor for the number of chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, gallstones and gastroesophageal reflex disease as well as physiological and psychiatric morbidities. Bariatric surgery is the treatment for the obese people, to manage their health and weight. Bariatric surgery is an operation that helps to lose weight by making changes to digestive system. Some types of bariatric surgeries make stomach smaller, allowing to eat and drink less at one time, making feel full sooner. Other bariatric surgeries also change small intestine part of the body that absorbs calories and nutrients from food and beverages. Health care providers can take steps to make sure that there patients receive quality care for example, treating patients with respect, support healthy behaviours and self acceptance even if the patient does not wish to lose weight, provide extra large patient gowns and reading material in the waiting room that focus on healthy habits rather than physical looks or being thin. The quality of care given to obese people differ in various cultures. For most of the people, culture has greater influence than biology on eating habits and attitudes towards food and body weights. In some cultures, their traditional foods are so much in calories, that doesn’t really fulfill our body’s necessary needs and then it is not digested, and latter stored as fat in our body. In order to get rid of the excessive fat in our body, the person should exercise regularly, join gym and maintain a balanced diet. The way the care is given to obese people plays indispensable role in an individual’s life. So, the more experienced nurses are also given preferences in treating the obese patients. Because they have more knowledge and more ways to handle the obese patients. Nurse should be highly educated and knowledgeable. The nurses should be neutral towards patients, they should not make any personal comments about the obese patients and they should be treated with proper care and respect by the nurses. Health care providers should feel the pain and difficulties faced by the obese patients. They should try indulging the patients in fun activities to promote physical activities. Open discussion about weight with the patient in a respectful and non-judgemental way is the good step to start the treatment. When decision makers are deciding on the obesity prevention interventions, they need to understand the state of the available evidence pertaining to that decision they include evidence on the problem to be addressed, the likely effectiveness and impact of potential intervention and key consideration involved in their implementations. Successful evidence gathering evaluation, and synthesis for the use in obesity prevention, usually involves the number of disciplines each with methodologies and technical language. Heath care providers should have high standard knowledge for the disease they are treating. They should have experience in that specific field in order to have successful results from the patients. All weight loss programs require changes in eating habits and increase physical activities. There is no best weight loss diet unless, the person have inner determination to get rid of the excessive body fat. References: