Identify legislation relating to general health and protection in a health or sociable care work setting up.

The Health and Safety at the job act 1974 relates to the general health and security in a healthcare work environment. This operates as an umbrella for the other legislations which we must follow:

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MANUAL HANDLING Procedure REGULATIONS 1992 -Moving & Handling Techniques which are used to move people and items in a manor that may avoid injury

CONTROL OF Chemicals HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH 2002 (COSHH) carers must have a full understanding of losing and storing of most material especially with regards Infection control. All carers must understand the value of an infection control whilst looking after individuals

REPORTING OF INJURIES DISEASES AND DANGEROUS OCCURENCES 1995 (RIDDOR) The carer should have a good understanding of the requirements of reporting injuries and unwell health

FOOD SAFETY Action 1990 – Food Health The carer should be able to cook, put together and store foods that happen to be safe and would avoid food poisoning.

Describe the key points of medical and safety plans and procedures decided with the company.


This was the first function to safeguard all employees regardless of their workplace. It places the onus on the employer to create a safe working environment for many employees. It says the workplace must ensure medical & safety of all people on the premise sand to get rid of risks exactly where possible. In addition, it says that employers must maintain their safeness and that of others with whom they work.

The types of things you should do with regards to this take action are:

Attend all obligatory and any relevant training eg. Manual Handling, Open fire security, S. O. V. A, Infection Control.

Recognise and article signals of potential danger eg worn carpets, trailing cables, blocked fire exits

Recognise and statement indications of potential violence or abuse

Report all car accident in the mishap book

Never work if you are sick with a communicable disorder, or under the influence of alcohol or drugs

Follow COSHH laws dispose of polluted waste effectively. Store Dangerous chemicals correctly


What are unsafe substances? This can include things such as chemicals, fumes, dirt, vapours, mist, gases. It really is most likely that the main hazardous chemicals you will encounter will be cleaning chemicals, clinical waste products, soiled laundry and body fluids such as urine and blood vessels. You need to have a complete understanding of the way in which to handle and store harmful substances and also the correct way to get rid of them.

Wear apron and gloves wash hands before and after to keep infection control

Store hazardous substances based on the manufacturers instructions

Know correct technique in the event of a spillage

Dispose of hazardous waste in the right manner


The reporting of accidents and unwell health at the job is a legal requirement. All crashes and dangerous occurrences should be reported to the event contact centre which was set up in April 2001. Reportable diseases include:

Certain poisons

Some skin diseases such as dermatitis, skin area cancer, ulcers

Lung disease, including occupational asthma

Reportable accidents include:

Fractures apart from fingertips, thumbs or toes



Dislocation of make, hip, leg or spine

Carers should always report accidents in the accident book and to their Brand Manager


This act helps it be an offence to offer a service user contaminated food which may be injurious to health. It is important as a carer that you check the night out on food, ensure it has been stored correctly, and it is cooked effectively. Ensure it has not been contaminated by cross contamination, therefore always wear appropriate PPE when handling and organizing food. The carer can prepare prepare and store foods that happen to be safe and would avoid food poisoning.

Outline the main health and protection responsibilities of:


Take reasonable care for your own safeness and that of others

Co-operate with the company in respect of health & basic safety matters

Not intentionally affect any health & safe practices equipment or materials provided by the employer

Using the systems and types of procedures correctly

Reporting defects or spaces in the systems, equipment or techniques in use

the employer or manager

Provide a safe workplace

Ensure safe access to and from the workplace

provide information on health & safety

provide health & basic safety training

undertake risk assessments for al hazards

Update systems and procedures

others in the work setting

Express their needs and choices in the region of their health insurance and well-being

Individuals should be encouraged to comprehend and take responsibility for promoting their own health & care

Assess and manage risks to their health and well-being

Identify and article any factors which could put themselves or others at risk

Visitors to sign in on arrival and wear id badges if appropriate

Identify tasks associated with health and safe practices which should not be carried out without special training

Carers should not complete any tasks they don’t feel experienced to do or which they havent been totally trained to carry out. This may include:

Manual handling


Health emergencies

Explain how to access additional support and information relating to health insurance and safety

Any support or advice Ii need with regards Health & safeness can be obtained from my series manager or from the work place policies and methods.

Understand the utilization of risk assessments in relation to health and safety

Explain why it is important to assess health insurance and safety hazards posed by the work setting up or by particular activities

It is important to associated risk assess health and safety hazards at work because they could cause injury or loss of life to users of the workforce. This would then bring about the owner of a firm being sued and prosecuted that’s the reason risk assessment is needed.

Explain how and when to article potential health insurance and safety risks which may have been identified

I would record health and safeness concerns to my lines supervisor, and would record these as soon as they come into direct contact with me.

It is my responsibility as a Care and attention Worker to record any potential health and saftefy risks which may have been identified, with the GSCC Code of practice, which says;

Bringing to the interest of your workplace or the correct authority learning resource or operational challenges that might block the way of the delivery of safe treatment.

Informing your company or a proper authority where in fact the practice of co-workers may be unsafe or adversely impacting standards of health care.

The Health & Safeness at work Take action 1974 also expresses that employers must maintain their basic safety and that of others with whom they work.

Explain how risk evaluation can help treat dilemmas between rights and health and safety concerns

Risk evaluation can dwelling address dilemmas with protection under the law and health insurance and safety because clients can point out their own rights to do what they want though it can be explained as risky behaviour. If it’s recorded and a risk management plan is set up the business can cover their own backs if anything goes wrong whilst a client is taking part in risky behaviour.

Understand steps for responding to accidents and unexpected illness

Describe different kinds of damages and sudden condition that might occur in own work setting

The most usual types of injuries are:

Slips’s scheduled to spills/Wet areas (bathrooms) Outings’ due to trailing wiring/Objects left laying around/Frayed carpets, Falls’ out of foundation/down steps/stairs

The types of sudden disorder could be:

Sickness & diarrhoea, food poisoning, stroke, heart attack, shingles, influenza, scabies

Outline the steps to be used if an accident or sudden disorder should occur

The Reporting of Accidental injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Laws 1995

Carers have legal responsibilities under RIDDOR that require us to report and track record some work-related injuries by the quickest means possible.

Any major accidental injuries must be reported to RIDDOR immediately. This includes fractures other than to fingertips, thumbs and toes and loss of view (Temporarily or entirely) Any personal injury which occurred at the job and triggers a person to be off benefit over 3 times must be reported.

Be in a position to reduce the pass on of infection

Demonstrate the recommended method for hand washing

Demonstrate ways to ensure that own health and hygience do not present a risk to others at work

Wash hands before and after going to a service user

Wear PPE when helping people with personal care

Don’t attend work if you have a contagious illness

Be able to move and handle equipment and other objects safely

Identify legislation that relates to moving and handling

Health and Protection at Work Take action 1974

The employer must :

decide what can harm you in your task and the precautions to stop it. This is

part of risk examination.

In a means you can understand, describe how dangers will be manipulated and tell you version of pocket card who is in charge of this.

Consult and use you as well as your health and protection representatives in safeguarding everyone from harm at work.

Free of demand, provide you with the health and security training you need to do your job

Free of charge, offer you any equipment and defensive clothing you

need, and make sure it is properly taken care of.

Carer must:

Follow working out they have obtained when working with any work items the workplace has provided.

Take reasonable attention of their own and other people’s health and safety

Co-operate using their employer on health insurance and safety.

Tell someone if they think the task or inadequate safeguards are putting anyone’s health insurance and basic safety at serious risk

Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992

avoid dangerous manual handling businesses as far as fairly practicable;

assess any dangerous manual handling functions that cannot be avoided; and

reduce the chance of injury as far as reasonably practicable.

Provision and Usage of Work Equipment Polices 1998 PUWER

In general terms, the Rules require that equipment provided for use at the job is:

suitable for the expected use

safe for use, preserved in a safe condition and, using circumstances, inspected to ensure this remains the situation;

used only by people who have received enough information, instructions and training

accompanied by ideal safety measures, eg defensive devices, markings, warnings.

Lifting Operations and Raising Equipment Restrictions (1992) -LOLER

Generally, the Laws require that lifting equipment provided for use at the job is:

strong and steady enough for the particular use and marked to point safe working loads;

positioned and installed to minimise any dangers;

used carefully, ie the work is designed, organised and performed by proficient people; and

subject to ongoing in depth exam and, where appropriate, inspection by qualified people.

5. 2 Explain rules for moving and handling equipment and other things safely

Avoid unsafe manual handling businesses so far as is fairly practicable, for example by redesigning the duty to avoid moving the load or by automating or mechanising the procedure.

Make the right and sufficient evaluation of any harmful manual handling procedures that cannot be avoided.

Reduce the risk of harm from those functions as far as is fairly practicable. Where possible, you should provide mechanical assistance, for example a sack trolley or hoist. Where this isn’t reasonably practicable, check out means of changing the duty, the load and working environment

Move and handle equipment or other items safely

Ensure you enroll in manual handling training on a normal basis

Check the gear is a clean, safe working condition before use

Check the environment for obstructions, trip hazards

Avoid manual managing operations where moderately practical

Always use equipment that is provided

Wear appropriate shoes and clothing

Check the individuals caution plan risk assessment

Communicate with the average person and other staff how the move will need place

Report any changes to the individuals range of motion for risk examination reassessment

Know the way to handle hazardous substances and materials

Identify hazardous substances and materials which may be found in the work setting

Cleaning chemicals such as bleach

clinical throw away e. g. Soiled pads, soiled dressings, used sharps

soiled laundry

body fluids such as urine and blood

Describe safe procedures for:

Storing unsafe substances

Every workplace will need to have a COSHH data file. The document lists all the harmful substances found in the workplace. It should detail:

Where they are simply kept

How they may be labelled

Their effects

The maximum amount of time it is safe to come in contact with them

How to cope with an emergency involving one of them

Hazardous chemicals such as cleaning materials should be delivered to a locked cupboard all the time, and always stored in their original pot, then guaranteed that evidently labelled. This is to avoid service users being able to obtain and accidentally swallow them.

Using dangerous substances

When using or controlling hazardous chemicals the Carer should wear appropriate PPE, which would include gloves, apron, face mask, and eyesight shield depending on the actual substance is. For instance, The COSHH Approved code of Practice (ACoP) suggests that subjection be prevented by:

Altering work methods so the task that causes exposure is no more carried out ” for example, the Carer should be aware that blending common home cleaning products such as bleach, chlorine or other similar general home cleaning products can cause serious accidents and respiratory problems:

Common cleaning products may be dangerous when mixed. Which means Carer must be aware of the following when carrying out jobs within the service user’s home:

Do not blend bleach and ammonia.

Do not mix bleach and acids.

Do not use two drain cleaners jointly, or one immediately after the other.

The pursuing are some of the chemicals that may be hazardous if blended/not used accurately:


In addition to ammonia purchased as a cleaning product, ammonia may be found in the following:

  • some wine glass and home window cleaners
  • urine (be cautious if you clean kitten litter containers or use a diaper pail)
  • some interior and external paints.


Products filled with acids include:

  • vinegar
  • some cup and windowpane cleaners
  • some programmed dishwasher detergents and rinses
  • some toilet bowl cleaners
  • some drain cleaners
  • some lime, calcium mineral and rust removal
  • products
  • some brick and cement cleaners

Dangers of blending these common cleaning products include:

Mixing bleach and ammonia:

When bleach is blended with ammonia, poisonous gases called chloramines are produced.

Exposure to chloramine gases can cause:

  • coughing
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • wheezing
  • nausea
  • watery eyes
  • irritation to the throat, nose area and eyes
  • pneumonia and liquid in the lungs

Mixing bleach and acids:

When chlorine bleach is mixed with an acid, chlorine gas is given off. Chlorine gas and normal water combine to make hydrochloric and hypochlorous acids.

Chlorine gas exposure, even at low levels, almost always irritates the mucous membranes (eyes, throat, and nose), and triggers coughing and breathing problems, using and watery sight, and a runny nostril. Higher levels of exposure can cause torso pain, more severe breathing difficulties, throwing up, pneumonia, and liquid in the lungs. Very high levels can cause fatality.

Chlorine can be absorbed through the skin, leading to pain, inflammation, bloating, and blistering.

Hydrochloric acid also causes burns to the skin, eyes, nose, throat, mouth area and lungs.

Mixing bleach and other cleaning products:

Bleach also reacts with some oven cleaners, hydrogen peroxide, and some insecticides.

With the above cautions in mind the carer should therefore ensure their own safeness and the protection of the Service Individual by ensuring the next, when deemed appropriate and necessary:

modifying the process to remove dangerous chemicals, including by-products or waste

substituting the unsafe product with a less dangerous type or form of the material, e. g. using granules rather than powder to reduce dust particles levels or a less volatile solvent in a process.

If exposure can’t be averted, it must be sufficiently controlled. The hierarchy of control procedures can be summarised the following.


Don’t use the harmful compound or avoid the procedure which causes visibility.


Change the materials or working practice to one less dangerous.


Enclose the hazardous substances or process in a closed system.

Disposing of unsafe substances and materials

The Carer should always ensure clinical waste is placed into the yellow tote (if available) or two times twisted in a plastic carrier, soiled linen in to the correct laundry carrier, sharps in to the used sharps bin. Other chemicals should be disposed of as mentioned on the label. All professional medical waste products handling and removal procedures must adhere to The controlled Waste material Regulations, The environmental Protection Action including Duty of care restrictions, The carriage of Dangerous Goods Restrictions and the Hazardous Waste materials Regulations. All these polices come under the umbrella legislation The Environment Protection Regulations (Throw away Disposal).

Understand how to market fire safe practices in the task setting

Describe methods that prevent fires from:

Starting and spreading

No smoking on the premises except in specified areas ” check work environment polices

No candles to be lit in the building ” check work area policies

Ensure fire doorways are retained closed

Attend regular open fire safety training

Know where alarms, extinguishers, open fire blankets can be located in the building and the way to use them

Regular flame drills

Ensure empty boxes etc are removed beyond your building immediately these are empty

Don’t leave available flames unattended in the kitchen.

Don’t leave electric irons unattended

Don’t leave flammable items near high temperature source

Outline emergency methods to be adopted in case of a fire in the work setting

Each office will have their own procedures which must be followed in the case of a crisis. All workplaces must screen information about what actions to take in case of flames. The procedure may very well be similar to:

Raise the alarm

Dial 999

Ensure that everyone is safe and out of danger

If it is safe to take action, attack the fireplace with the right extinguisher

Go to the fireplace assemblage point (This can be explained on the fireplace procedure notice)

Do not return to the building for any reason

Explain the value of maintaining clear evacuation routes in any way times

The Fire Safety measures (Work area) (Amendment) Rules 1999 requires that all workplaces should be inspected by the open fire authority. Part of the regulation says that routes to disaster exits from a work place and exits themselves are kept clear at all times and that all crisis exits and routes lead as directly as is possible to a place of safety. This is very important to the safeness of yourself, the service users, colleagues and any people to the building

Put into action Security actions in the work setting

Use agreed means of working for checking out the personality of anyone asking for access to:


Check workplace steps. The identity of all visitors to the place of work should be examined. This can be done in a variety of ways

Check their id card

Check with the individual they may have the session with

All guests should sign in the visitors reserve. This aids the number count in case there is a flames.

If someone wished to access the premises while I was at a service user’s property, I could phone my range manager to confirm whether I am scheduled any visits from anyone. Open up the entranceway on latch and get the individual to present some id to who they are and what they want. EASILY am still suspicious, phone the police.

Implement measures to safeguard own security and the security of others in the work setting

If anyone demands information on a client, I would refer them to my manager if they are claiming to be a fellow healthcare professional. My manager would have a better information as to that is involved in a person’s care and should have the ability to move them onto the company’s Caldecott Guardian who defends all confidential information within the company.

Practicing properly and expertly will protect own security yet others in the workplace, such as pursuing policies and methods, reading my service user’s personal attention plan and risk assessments, and fundamentally knowing my job inside out and doing in a safe manner.

Explain the value of ensuring that others know about own whereabouts

Explain the value of ensuring that others know about own whereabouts

The importance of making others know what your location is helps stop staff getting kidnapped or assaulted whilst in a client’s house. Also, if there is a fire in a building so you register, the fire brigade know how many people are left for the reason that building as it pertains to evacuating it.

Know how to control own stress

9. 1 Identify common signals and indications of stress

Common signs or symptoms of stress are melancholy, anxiety, insomnia, feelings swings, and condition due to lessen immune system.

9. 2 Identify circumstances that tend to result in own stress

Circumstances that have a tendency to trigger my very own stress are over fatigue and coping with complex traumas.

9. 3 Describe ways to manage own stress

I control stress through my times off, exercise, eating a healthy diet plan and maintaining a healthy sleep style ” they are all essential for my own well-being and for that reason allow me to become more professional and experienced in my work role and responsibilities.