The Arabs, Islam and Globalization June 29, 2006 Intermediate East Policy Council http://www. policyinnovations. org/ideas/policy_library/data/01324 By Dr Fauzi Najjar. Professor emeritus at the Center for Integrative Studies, College of Social Science, Michigan State University. Abstract Fauzi Najjar discusses the cultural implications of globalization for Islam as estimateed by Muslims, in feature the Islamists, who toped the loftier misgiving of this crop and, instead, trace to excite an Islamic universalism that, in their estimate, is loftier to any cultural paradigm imposed by the Christian West.
In specification to standpointing on globalization from an Islamist top of estimate, he to-boot confer-upons the estimates of calm Arabs and Muslims, who harbor a further public, yet fastidious and timid collocation internal globalization. The twenty-first eldership confer-upons the Arab-Muslim earth delay a brave that may contemplationate its advenient for generations. The Arabs are entirely unquiet environing maintaining their cultural personality and their anarchy in the visage of the West’s loftierity and its pervading globalization.
Evidence of this is the monstrous volume–verging on a deluge–of Arabic lore on globalization and its “dangers,” in specification to hundreds of seminars, workshops, and meetings standpointing on “Islam and globalization,” the Arab-Islamic entailment and notorious and cultural personality. I) Globalization and Arab Intelligentsia However, the Arab intelligentsia is disjoined into three unanalogous collocations internal globalization.
There are those who throw-by it as the “highest classify of imperialism” and a “cultural encroachment,” minacious to direct community, counteract their characteristic “cultural personality” and undo their “heritage,” “authenticity,” “beliefs” and “notorious personality. ” The succor collocation of Arab thinkers, secularist by predilection, welcomes globalization as the age of existent expertness, deceased technology, global communications and inferiorstanding-inveterate notice. It oles for interacting delay globalization and for benefiting from its enacted opportunities” in inferiorstanding, expertness and technology, delayout necessarily losing their Arab-Islamic cultural exclusion. A third collocation oles for judgment an misspend arrange of globalization that is accordant delay the notorious and cultural interests of the community. Globalization cannot be quite genuine or throw-byed, it argues. The collocation of this collocation has been described as “enacted indifference,” a self-interested pragmatic object, traceing a intermediate reason since globalization is an fixed truthful interrogativeness delay which the Arabs earn enjoy to interact.
In discurrent, there are other variations in collocations internal globalization. This essay earn standapex largely on the cultural implications of globalization for Islam as estimateed by Muslims, in feature the Islamists, who toped the loftier misgiving of this crop and, instead, trace to excite an Islamic “universalism” that, in their estimate, is loftier to any cultural paradigm imposed by the Christian West. 1) In specification to standpointing on globalization from an Islamist top of estimate, this essay earn to-boot confer-upon the estimates of calm Arabs and Muslims, who harbor a further public, yet fastidious and timid collocation internal globalization. How Arab intellectuals assess the intercommunity discurrent globalization and their cultural entailment earn to-boot take appropriate regard. All of the sources on which this essay is inveterate are the first Arabic works and references. Translation of liberal quotations and paraphrases into English are by the agent, save where indicated incorrectly.
Since globalization is attested delay American soldierly, gregarious and economic loftierity, the collocation of the Arabs internal American capacity and hegemony, mode of personality and cultural values earn be famous. It earn behove explicit that gregarious considerations, such as th e absolute American assistance of Israel, enjoy conditioned Arab collocations internal American amelioration as polite-behaved-behaved as internal globalization. II) GLOBALIZATION EQUALS AMERICANIZATION There is a unconcealed consent discurrent Arabs–both those who delaystand globalization and those who benefit it–that it is similar delay Americanization.
They estimate globalization as an American contemplation to circulate American amelioration as a mould for the complete earth. A North African writer, Abd al-Ilah Balqaziz, equates globalized amelioration delay American amelioration, accordingly “the media, capacitys, interests and bequest that escort globalization are all American. ” He accuses the West, in unconcealed, and the United States, in feature, of using the hypocrisy of rival terrorism, superstition and obstinacy to counteract Islam, accordingly the Arabs and Islam are the barely impediment in the visage of today’s sway inferior American hegemony. 2) America’s soldierly and economic capacity and its constructive privilege of cyberspace and the notice cast, as polite-behaved-behaved as its fascinating amelioration, support the percussion of its global hegemony, qualitative a British agent to write: “At dates, verily, it is trying to divide discurrent globalization, in its multifarious arranges, and Americanization. ” (3) Globalization is the institution of the earth classify in the twenty-first eldership, writes Husayn Malum.
The diplomacy of earth capacitys, delay the United States in the forefront, is to excite economic globalization, or the lordship of the dispense balance the complete earth, and to undo the gregarious capacity of states, notoriousities and communitys, he adds. Globalization is tied to the “New American Gregarious Project,” which traces to unify the earth by media of “dispense capitalism,” Malum protests. (4) However, “globalization is not honest a agency of capitalist crop,” says another North African writer. “It is to-boot and largely an ideology thought a hegemonic earn balance the complete earth and Americanizing it. (5) Radical Islamists estimate globalization as a new dawa (call) for the ejection of the boundaries discurrent Dar al-Islam (estate of Islam) and Dar al-Kufr (estate of unbelief). Globalization, they monish, traces to unite the infidels (Western Christians) and Muslims inferior the gauge of secularism and earthliness, qualitative to public insubservience in the indicate of ethnical rights, as inferiorstood in the West, and to libertinism, the divideing characteristics of the winter of Western amelioration.
Radical Islamists privilege that Islam would combat such oles by “Crusaders and Jews,” in shelter of the sharia. It is impracticable, they protest, to associate the Muslims and the infidels in the similar condition in the indicate of globalization, ‘unity of divine,’ ‘earth calmness,’ ‘democracy’ or ‘secularism,’ accordingly Muslims are one commonwealth, divideed from all others by a penny Islamic belief, a infallible law, a amelioration and a method of habits. (6) Similar estimates enjoy been topeded by other than Islamists.
Said al-Lawindi, a polite-behaved-known Egyptian journalist-writer, describes globalization as a “arrange of American hegemony,” oleing it a nightmare (kabus). The husk of globalization he benefits is one of contest across and combatance to “this severe capitalist hegemony and to countenance the jeopardy of Davos (the internotorious economic forum). Globalization has performed pin but chaos and impetuosity. ” (7) III) GLOBALIZATION AND ARAB-ISLAMIC CULTURAL HERITAGE
Arab and Muslim intellectuals enjoy been profoundly unquiet environing the impression of globalization on their cultural entailment. At a meeting on “Our Heritage: Confer-upon and Advenient in Light of Globalization,” held at the UNESCO Palace in Beirut, Lebanon, Rafik Atweh, the fact coordinator, nominal dramatically: “In the age of molestation and irregularity internal one’s end, the Arab peculiar is transection balance the bridge of excruciation, delay a frightful protective eye balance his treasured values, narrative and entailment. Highlighting his profound sympathy, Atweh borrowed that the Arabs enjoy plunged into a “canyon of mystification, looking for succor to qualify them to clamber a mountain of balancewhelming fast-moving facts, at a date when they are not showing alacrity to vary the status quo. ” (8) Globalization, intellectuals persevere, earn “smother” the peculiarities (khususiyyat) of Arab notorious amelioration, counteract Islamic value and guide to cultural homogenization. Dr.
Jafar Abd al-Salam, unconcealed secretary of the League of Islamic Universities, monishs across the cultural jeopardy of globalization and oles for a revivalist cultural plan “to profounden the intercommunity discurrent Muslims and their entailment, which is supplied delay elements of force to visage all braves. ” (9) Conclusion The balancewhelming bulk of written creed online are fastidious of globalization and its intentions internals cultural personality. Those who are Muslims honor that globalization confer-upons a solemn prejudice to mental and divine lives, as polite-behaved-behaved as a main menace to sway through neo-colonial collocations.