Cultural tourism can be viewed as the most attractive type of sightseeing as it’s the witnessing of the true elements which have contributed to make a country just how it is in the present day. It gives the newcomers to a country an possibility to have a serious insight of the true nexus of the country which involves its heritage, traditions, background and the relics and structures which will be the living reminders of this countrys forefathers and their deeds.

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Experiencing a countrys heritage is a distinctive experience alone and a tourist will get a completely new and interesting point of view if their tour is planned in ways which includes the traveling to of attractions and places which reflect culture and worth of the inhabitants as opposed to the usual journeys to the best stores.

Apart from the entertainment factor, ethnical tourism can provide as an extremely informative vision opener for a tourist as they encounter indigenous people who have customs and lifestyles that were beyond their creativeness before and come across unusual and amazing structures which seems impossible to be made out of real human hands. Cultural tourism makes one realize the grandeur and diversity of the world and produces a stronger appreciation of their own traditions and ethnicity and the actual fact that how important they may be to be able to define ones true roots.

Moving on from the average person development factor of ethnical tourism additionally it is very good for the introduction of a countrys market too. In the recent years it is becoming an increasingly popular sector in tourism industry throughout the world and countries are economically strengthened because of it. It helps create more employment opportunities, promotion and advancement of the neighborhood industries, an increase in the overall income of the united states and provides the resources to keep up and protect the original and historical treasures of the country (Ibrahim, 2011).

Cultural Travel and leisure in Egypt

Egyptians are an extremely ancient and culturally wealthy civilization and shows it happily through the incredible architecture, relics and artifacts that are dotted all over the country. The country has gone through various eras of cultural evolution as it passed from one group of administrators to some other beginning with the rule of Pharaohs to Greco-Roman period in 332 B. C to the byzantine period and in the end the Islamic conquest of Egypt in A. D 624.

This makes Egypt an ideal place for ethnical tourism as it has no end of sights and record for the visitors to enjoy and the practices of its people remain a living breathing fact which is ready to be unearthed and experienced. To classify the expansive amount of places of interest in Egypt it might be appropriate to filter them down to two categories: tangible investments and intangible investments.

Classification of the Holiday Assets

Tangible Assets

Tangible property are, as noticeable from the word tangible, those investments which can be touched or to put it more appropriately, bodily exist. When talking about the physical property of Egypts tourist attractions that would include the historical buildings, ruins, museums, spiritual structures, ancient metropolitan areas, opera residences and the normal traditional market segments or bazaars that remain held in the exact same way they have been since thousands of years in the past.

The mighty pyramids of Giza, Valley of the Kings, temples and mosques, the Sphinx and Abu Simbel are renowned icons of Egypts background. The ancient towns including Alexandria and Thebes are bursting with sites like the underground collection of Alexandria, temple of the sun god Amun Ra, sanctuaries of Karnak, Museum of Egyptian antiquities plus much more. Millions of travellers are frequent visitors to these sites each year for both entertainment and educational purposes and this makes these historic relics the most valuable property of the tourism industry of the country.

Intangible Assets

These are the exact reverse of tangible investments. Though these assets do not have a physical form they still play an important role in influencing the social promotion of the united states. The intangible possessions of Egypt are its traditions, rituals, decades old religious beliefs and the knowledge and skills of its people.

Egyptian practices are a mixture of Arabian, Turkish and Europe as the forefathers of the civilization belonged or experienced travelled to different places throughout the world and brought back several values and routines with them. But mainly the country is embedded in the rich and colorful culture of Midsection East due to its physical location (Jansen-Verbeke et al, 2010).

The local tongue is Arabic in support of six percent of the population are followers of Christianity as the majority is of Muslims. It is interesting for holidaymakers to explore the festivities and ceremonies, flavor the original foods, admire the radiant patterns that are normal in clothing in the Arabic world and purchase the extremely beautiful and intricately designed handicrafts which are available in the neighborhood bazaars. These are all the intangible assets of Egypts tourism industry because the guests are fascinated by them and wanting to observe and in my opinion experience these activities or even to buy these artifacts, which is profitable to the local public and on a more substantial scale is economically advantageous for the country.


There is an large quantity of historical places and culturally relevant places in Egypt which is extremely difficult to just select a few for information here as each fascination has a far more fascinating background than the previous. However as it’s important to limit the amount of attractions that require to be talked about, the chosen few which can be being presented would be the most popular and worthwhile experiencing and witnessing when touring the united states.

The pyramids of Giza: The awe uplifting conical relaxing places of the historic kings are something is inseparable from the concept of Egypt. It used to be one of the Seven Wonders of the World and was finished building around 2560 BC by the Pharaoh Khufu. Situated outside Cairo the three major pyramids belong to the Pharaohs Menkaure, Khafu and Khafre the father, kid and grandson. They are ornamented by smaller tombs of the female members of the family and the mastabas or trapezoid formed tombs of other family. The impressive and terrifying figure of the Sphinx is also a part of this collection which poses as safeguard to the entry of the pyramid of Khafre.

Temple of Luxor: The stunning temple is erected near to the bankers of the mighty River Nile and stands in the midst of modern structures of the town of Luxor. The temple of Luxor was built-in about 1400 BC when Rameses II and Amenhotep III ruled and was at commitment to the gods Khonsu and Amun Ra and the godess Mut.

During the time of its primary the temple was the location where the Opet or late summer event was celebrated. An twelve-monthly banquet was held in which there is a large procession of spiritual priests who brought in the ceremonial representation of the God Amun Ra on the boat over the Nile and the god was then said to be reunited each year with the goddess Mut. The temple is excessively enormous in size and has several huge monumental entry ways that are around seventy yards long and are flanked by obelisks and humongous statues.

The mosque of Ahmed Ibn Tulun

The Ibn Tulun can be an expansive and beautiful composition. The mosque was built-in 879 Advertising by Ahmed Ibn Tulun the founder of the Tulunid Empire of Egypt. The mosque was created out of dirt bricks and occupies about 304, 812 rectangular feet of land. It comes third upon this list of worlds major mosques. It is also one of the very most historical mosques in Egypt which is still in its original condition after all of the years.

An enclosure surrounds the mosque from three factors and there are also little courtyards that are called ziyadas that have been created for the purpose of providing privacy and also to isolate the sacred worshipping space from the world outside. They are bordered by extra tall archways and wide pillars that are adorned by elaborately carved motifs. The mosques minaret is an engineering marvel itself and features a spiral staircase and has three floors each which are of different forms.

The collection of Alexandria: The building of the collection is itself not really a marvel built by early Egypt architects as it is structure that was erected today but that does not lower its importance as a historical holiday area as it homes the most traditional antique quantities which range back to the 3rd century and were at first maintained and handled by the Ptolemy family.

It is definitely the most expansive and complete catalogue of its time and the series contain more than seventy thousand scrolls. The collection has performed the role of being the sourceof information for the great philosophical thinkers and literary people who have helped shaping the whole world. The catalogue of Alexandria is the precise spot where the circumference of planet earth was assessed by Eratosthenes, the Julian Calendar was designed by the help of Julias Caesar and the theories of geometry were set up by Euclid.

The original building of the collection was destroyed during the Civil Conflict that happened in the 3rd century. The government had a fresh structure built in 2002 close to the site which was occupied by the old catalogue building. The present day Bibliotheca Alexandria has eleven cascading flooring surfaces and an Egyptian antiques museum can be found in its cellar.

Evaluation of the Attractions

The pyramids of Giza are a renowned landmark of Egypt and emanate the real culture of the country and how it survived the tyrannical reign of the pharaohs who although were promoters of great structures and aesthetic principles but all at the trouble of their content and the poverty stricken slave world. The pyramids are the one of the major places of interest of Egypt and get millions of vacationers each year. They’re usually included in the key sightseeing points that are sure to be went to by travellers when going through Egypt (Ibrahim, 2011).

Revenue gained from travel and leisure (De Lapp, 2011)

However the thing that is disappointing to most tourists is that we now have certain very stringent rules upon visiting the pyramids. The top pyramids are completely closed for trips commonly and at times when they are open up the visitor count is bound to only 150. The ultimate way to buy a solution without any trouble is to obtain it during morning hours.

Also the pyramids can show very hard to climb after the site visitors are inside. These problems need to be maintained and effectively managed to be able to improve even higher the quantity of tourists which come to start to see the site.

Luxor as a city which includes both modern and historical architectures is also magnet for both kinds of holidaymakers, the ones who are more interested in visiting present malls and entertainment centers and those who are most considering viewing the historical side of the city and relishing in the glory of its recent (De Lapp, 2011).

The mosque is also among the favorite of tourists who want to be culturally enlightened as it shows the ancient background of the Islamic empire and the creative heads of the historic architects which built the mosque so innovatively and according to an structured and well supervised plan.

The Catalogue of Alexandria will not lose its elegance either even if it’s a comparatively new building because underneath its rooftop is the hub of all the culture, idea and progression of the Egyptian civilization by means of its an incredible number of dusty amounts and scrolls (De Lapp, 2011).

All these destinations and even more are what constitute the cultural travel and leisure industry of Egypt. Presently cultural tourism signifies almost 30 percent of the Egyptian GDP and nineteen percent of Egypts total earnings gained from foreign currency.

(De Lapp, 2011)


Cultural tourism can be an important sector relating to the economical growth of Egypt and has an important role in the increase of job, history preservation and building up the financial track record of the country.

Due to these factors the ministry of travel and leisure has formed an idea to broaden the capacity of the neighborhood tourism industry and to become competitive on a global level in order to increase its shares in the global market also to draw in even more visitors to Egyptian ethnical heritage.

Egypt has already been a country steeped with record and diversifying ethnicities and there will be room and scope for newer enhancements regarding travel and leisure and tourist interest. Its vast number of attractions can be improved and monitored better in order to continue attracting more tourists every year.


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Ibrahim, Z. (2009). Tourism development and the surroundings on the Egyptian red sea coast https://uwspace. uwaterloo. ca/bitstream/take care of/10012/4268/Ibrahim_Zainub. pdf?series=1

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